What exactly are we talking about when we talk about Moria 2.0, and what do we actually mean by Kara Tepe?
An overview of the camps on Lesvos:
The Moria camp became operational in 2015 as a “Reception and Identification Center” (R.I.C.). Moria was thus one of 5 Greek registration centers, along with camps on Samos, Chios, Leros and Kos. Originally, the camp was designed for 410 people, a short time later for 2,800 people. That’s where it was left – however, the European policy of sealing off borders resulted in more than 19,000 people being stuck in Moria in catastrophic humanitarian conditions at the beginning of 2020. The fire on September 09, 2020 completely destroyed the structures of the camp, leaving 12,000 people homeless.
After being opened by the NGO Lesvos Solidarity in 2012, the camp PIKPA provided shelter to 120 people. Families with children, particularly traumatized people, people with disabilities or pregnant people were housed in wooden huts with running water and electricity. PIKPA was a place where refugees were allowed to live in dignity. At the end of 2020, the camp was closed by the Greek police and the people were brought to Kara Tepe.
Kara Tepe was established at the end of 2015 as a camp for refugees who were classified as “in need of special protection” in Moria. Around 1,300 people were housed in containers in Kara Tepe. Last week, people were forcibly relocated to the already overcrowded Moria 2. With Kara Tepe, the last place where refugees could live in safety on Lesvos is closed.